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Ice Age Neanderthals (Humans: An Evolutionary History)

Ice Age Neanderthals (Humans: An Evolutionary History) by Rebecca Stefoff
English | 2009-09 | ISBN: 0761441867 | 112 pages | PDF | 11,5 MB

In this four-book series we step back in time-back so many years that it is hard to grasp the distance-to explore our roots. Amazingly, for most of the millions of years that people have been around, there was more than one species of human in the world. Can you imagine meeting another species of human? Today we, Homo sapiens, are the only species of human on Earth. How did we become what we are today, and who were our ancestors and cousins in the human family tree? Together, the four books in Humans: An Evolutionary History answer these questions and more:

Origins focuses on the search for our earliest ancestors, including the australopiths, an offshoot of the ape family that lived in Africa five million years ago.

First Humans introduces the genus Homo - our branch of the family tree-and describes how its members migrated out of Africa.

Ice Age Neanderthals tells the story of people who lived in Eurasia for hundreds of thousands of years, only to become extinct when our species arrived on the scene.

Modern Humans examines our species, which spread from Africa to every part of the world, and looks at the DNA research that is uncovering our hidden history.
Children's Literature

The third volume in the "Humans: An Evolutionary History" series examines the often misunderstood human species Homo neanderthalensis. Text describes nineteenth-century fossil discoveries at a Neanderthal valley limestone quarry in Germany and other European sites. Readers learn that scientists interpret fossil clues to envision Neanderthals' possible physical traits, considering how climate may have affected their structures and features. Researchers note how Neanderthals differed from Homo sapiens. This book elaborates about scientists' speculations regarding Neanderthal's diet, communication, and behavior, considering how burial practices associated with some Neanderthal fossils might be interpreted, and recognizing that injuries preserved in fossils suggest Neanderthals were nurturing, tending disabled and ill humans. Researchers hypothesize how tool making processes reveal Neanderthals' plausible thinking skills capability. Scientists also analyze Neanderthal art, pondering whether those humans innovated jewelry found with fossils or mimicked objects worn by Homo sapiens. This book discusses pioneering Neanderthal DNA research conducted by Svante Paabo and other scientists. Researchers are unsure why Neanderthals became extinct 30,000 years ago. Currently, no irrefutable evidence proves that Homo sapiens evolved from Neanderthals. Supplementary sections focus on a composite Neanderthal skeleton Gary Sawyer of the American Museum of Natural History built from different specimens as well as fictional depictions of Neanderthals. The book includes illustrations, maps, charts, a glossary, a bibliography, a timeline, endnotes, and a chronology. Read with Clive Finlayson's The Humans Who Went Extinct: Why Neanderthals Died Out and We Survived (2009). Reviewer: Elizabeth D. Schafer

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Tags: Neanderthals, Humans, Evolutionary, History

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